The Zapata Swamp National Park is one of the most important ecosystems in Cuba and the largest humid area of the Caribbean join in a green environment.The Park is a biosphere reserve with a unique flora and fauna that lets you have a direct contact with nature. The territory is located to the south of Matanzas Province and 157 km to the south-east of Havana.
There are 900 species of native native plants, 115 of them are endemic of Cuba and 5 are strictly local. The fauna is composed by many species of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians as well as many insects and other species. It is considered the natural refuge of be Cuban crocodile.
The manjuari, a prehistoric fish, is located in its waters together with the manati, the only aquatic herbivore mammal in the world. Almost half of all bird species known in Cuba live permanently or temporarily in this area. Some of them are endemic and other strictly locals like, for example, the ferminia, cabrerito and the gallinuela de Santo Tomas.